Each is a top-level strategic initiative. All equal. All in execution.

But the success of Smart Society is dependent on Digital China, and the success of Digital China is dependent on Cyber Great Power. Only Cyber Great Power can be achieved independently of the other two strategies. It’s how the Communist Party’s strategic approach works.

For the full story, see David Dorman and John Hemmings, “Digital China: The Strategy and Its Geopolitical Implications,” Issues and Insights, February 21, 2023.